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Home/ Our travel blog/ Karlovy Vary’s Thermal Springs – Unique Natural Resources

Karlovy Vary’s Thermal Springs – Unique Natural Resources

Feb 15, 2017 by Marina Shmelyova

Spa resort Karlovy Vary is situated in the western part of Czechia. Its unique thermal mineral springs and their curative properties have been known for centuries and mainly used for drinking cure. Local mineral springs form a natural complex, an incredible mechanism that in some magical way transforms atmospheric precipitation into curative waters high in minerals. Local waters are chloride-sodium or carbonate-sodium sulfate type and contain over fifty microelements and nutrients that benefit the way a human body functions.

Karlovy Vary’s hot mineral springs are open to public 24/7, free of charge. All in all, there are fifteen curative mineral springs in Karlovy Vary, each having its own number from 1 to 15. Only twelve springs, those numbered 1-12, are used in spa treatments. They all have somewhat similar chemical composition but have different temperatures (30-720С) and СО2 content.

Brief Description Of Karlovy Vary’s Springs By Number

#1 Vřídlo Spring is a hot spring (720С) yielding about 2,000 liters of mineral water per minute and gushing it to a height of 12 meters above the ground. Water from this spring is used for mineral baths. When used in drinking therapy, this water improves function of the digestive system and treats gastritis. People who are prone to upper respiratory tract diseases are often advised to spend time by the spring and inhale the air rich in minerals and gas.

There are five spring bowls in the Hot Spring Colonnade, each containing different water:

A – natural hot water (720С) with a constipating effect

B – cooled water for universal use (500С)

C – cold water (300С) with a laxative effect

#2 Karl IV (Charles IV Spring) is a hot spring (650С) with unique curative qualities. Having tried water from this spring, King Charles IV decided to found a spa town around it. The spring is decorated with an embossment depicting the town’s construction. Water from the spring is beneficial for the skeletal system and joints.

#3 Zámecký dolní (Lower Castle Spring) is one of the two Zámecký mineral springs. The water is 550С hot. The spring is situated in the Market Colonnade, and everybody can drink the water that is famous for strengthening joints and bones. Drinking cure with this water is used in the treatment and rehabilitation after locomotive system diseases.

#4 Zámecký horní (Upper Castle Spring) is the second Zámecký spring. The water’s temperature is the same, 550С. This spring is used only by guests of Hotel Spa Zamecky Lazne. This spring is situated not in the Colonnade but above it. But for the СО2 content and some physical properties, composition of the water from the Horni and the Dolni springs is the same. Irrigations with this water are used in the treatment of parodontosis and tooth decay prevention. The water also strengthens joints and bones.

#5 Tržni (Market Spring) is another mineral spring which curative water (620С). It is used in the treatment of locomotive system diseases and disorders. It was discovered in 1388. Over the centuries it has disappeared and re-appeared again several times, so the authorities decided to open several wells. Today, spa doctors effectively use the water in various spa treatments.

#6 Mlýnský (Mill Spring). Unique mineral water (560С) from this spring has been used in spa treatment since the 16th century. One can say, this water helps women preserve their beauty. It nourishes and strengthens hair and nails. Years ago the water would be mainly used for mineral baths but today it is bottled as Mattoni.

#7 Rusalka (Nymph Spring) had been known as the New Spring but got its present name in 1945. The water is 600С hot and mainly used in treatment of children. The water improves metabolism in children and strengthens their immune system.

#8a Prince Vaclav I Spring is situated in the Mill Colonnade where it can be obtained from two bowls. The water is 650С hot, rich in Glauber’s Salt and provides a laxative effect. Spa doctors recommend drinking this water in the beginning of your spa stay to detox.

#8b Prince Vaclav II Spring is situated in front of the Colonnade, opposite the orchestra. The water is 580С hot and has laxative properties. Drink it for detox purposes before the start of a medical spa stay.

#9 Libuše. This unique hot (620С) mineral spring is made up of four smaller springs. It is used in spa treatment of children, as the water improves metabolism in children and strengthens their immune system.

#10 Skalní (Rock Spring). Before 1845 water from this spring had flown into the Tepla River, but when the town was replanned, the spring was diverted to the Mill Colonnade. The water is 530С hot. It effectively improves metabolism and helps treat diabetes mellitus. Drinking therapy with this water is also beneficial for those who want to lose weight.

#11 Svoboda (Freedom Spring). The spring was discovered in the late 19th century during the construction of Spa Lazne III. It is situated between Lazne III and the Mill Colonnade. Water from this spring is especially beneficial for men as it helps balance hormones in men, improves sexual potency and helps treat prostatitis.

#12 Sadový (Garden Spring). The curative water is 470С hot. The spring is situated near the Colonnade, on the premises of the Military Spa Institute. The water is used in the treatment of kidney and liver diseases. It helps pass kidney stones and recover after Hepatitis A.

#13 Becherovka. Locals refer to the famous herbal liquor (380С) as the town’s #13 curative spring. Becherovka is an invigorating long drink that improves general wellbeing and mood. The liquor comes in different flavors.

#14 Stepanka (Stephanie Spring). Unfortunately, this spring situated near Parkhotel Richmond has dried up. It happened when the well was diverted to the hotel’s garden after some replanning and renovations on the site. The water was an effective treatment for eye diseases, including infectious ones. 

#15 Hadí (Snake Spring) is the coldest of all Karlovy Vary’s mineral springs. The water is 300С cold. In comparison with other springs, it has the lowest content of minerals and the highest content of CO2. The spring is situated in the Park Colonnade and has a snake shaped column. This water helps preserve natural beauty and is used for rejuvenating baths rather than drinking therapy.

Thermal Mineral Springs: General Recommendations

  • Only qualified spa doctors should prescribe drinking cure
  • It is best to collect mineral water at 5-6 o’clock in the morning when it is rich in gases
  • Drink water 30 minutes before meals. Drink in small sips, while taking a slow relaxing walk
  • Use special glass or porcelain drinking cups
  • While undergoing drinking therapy do not drink alcohol or smoke

Karlovy Vary is one of the most famous spa resorts of the Czech Republic. Waters from local mineral springs can cure, rejuvenate and help fight diseases. Visit Karlovy Vary and try the curative qualities of its springs for yourself.

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